Purpose MS-DOS Linux Basic Linux Example Copies files copy cp cp thisfile.txt /home/thisdirectory Moves files move mv mv thisfile.txt /home/thisdirectory Lists files dir ls ls thisfile.txt /home/thisdirectory Clears screen cls clear clear Closes shell exit exit exit Displays/set date date date date Deletes files del rm rm thisfile.txt "Echo" echo echo echo this message Edits text files edit vim vim thisfile.txt Compare content fc diff diff file1 file2 Find string of text find grep grep word or phrase thisfile.txt Displays help command /? man man command Creates a directory mkdir mkdir mkdir directory Views file contents more less([b]) less thisfile.txt Renames a file ren mv([c]) mv thisfile.txt thatfile.txt Display fs location chdir pwd pwd Change dir abs path cd pathname cd pathname cd /directory/directory Change dir relative cd.. cd .. cd .. Displays the time time date date Amount RAM in use mem free free
The more pager can also be used to page through a file one screen at a time.
The mv command can both move a file and, if you want to rename a file in the same directory, “move” that file to the same directory with a new name.